Study: Marriage Can Reduce Heavy Drinking in Young Adults Researchers believe the step of marriage might be encouraging drinkers to mature out of their unhealthy drinking behaviors. BY JEFF SOSSAMON
Research has shown there's a maturity leap when people get married that may lead to reduced alcohol consumption.
“ The theory suggests that if a person’s existing behavioral pattern is conflicting with the demands of a new role, such as marriage, one way to resolve the incompatibility is to change behavior."
MISSOURI (NEWS RELEASE) - Research on alcohol-use disorders consistently shows problem drinking decreases as we age. Also called, "maturing out," these changes generally begin during young adulthood and are partially caused by the roles we take on as we become adults. Now, researchers collaborating between the University of Missouri and Arizona State University have found evidence that marriage can cause dramatic drinking reductions even among people with severe drinking problems. Scientists believe findings could help improve clinical efforts to help these people, inform public health policy changes and lead to more targeted interventions for young adult problem drinkers.
"A key conceptual framework psychologists use to explain maturing out and the 'marriage effect' is role-incompatibility theory," said Matthew Lee, a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Psychological Sciences in the College of Arts and Science at MU. "The theory suggests that if a person’s existing behavioral pattern is conflicting with the demands of a new role, such as marriage, one way to resolve the incompatibility is to change behavior. We hypothesized that this incompatibility may be greater for more severe drinkers, so they’ll need to make greater changes to their drinking to meet the role demands of marriage."
The researchers used previously collected data from a long-term, ongoing study of familial alcohol disorders led by Laurie Chassin, Regents Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychology at Arizona State University. They examined how the drinking rates of the participants changed as they aged from age 18 to 40, and how this change was affected by whether or not participants became married. About 50 percent of the participants included in the study of familial alcoholism were children of alcoholics.
"Confirming our prediction, we found that marriage not only led to reductions in heavy drinking in general, this effect was much stronger for those who were severe problem drinkers before getting married," Lee said. "This seems consistent with role incompatibility theory. We believe that greater problem drinking likely conflicts more with the demands of roles like marriage; thus, more severe problem drinkers are likely required to more substantially alter their drinking habits to adapt to the marital role."
The researchers suggest further studies are needed to better understanding how these role-driven drinking reductions occur. They believe this could uncover key insights into the nature of clinically significant forms of problem drinking and inform public policy and clinical efforts to help severe problem drinkers.
Lead Study Author: Dr. Matthew R. Lee is a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Psychological Sciences at the University of Missouri (MU). He received his doctoral training at Arizona State University under the primary mentorship of the distinguished developmental psychopathologist, Dr. Laurie Chassin. He then received two years of postdoctoral training at MU under the primary mentorship of Dr. Kenneth Sher through an NIAAA-funded Alcohol Research Training Program (T32-AA013526) that Dr. Sher directs. You can contact him at LeeMat@Missouri.edu
Release written by Jeff Sossamon, Research News Strategist, MU News Bureau. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org, 573-882-3346.